Frequently Asked Questions

Note: Please do not share the child sexual abuse material (CSAM), even in an attempt to report it. Not only is it illegal, but it spreads the content across the internet, further victimizing the child and making removal more difficult.

What is Human Trafficking?

  • Human trafficking is the business of stealing freedom for profit. In some cases, traffickers trick, defraud or physically force victims into providing commercial sex. In others, victims are lied to, assaulted, threatened or manipulated into working under inhumane, illegal or otherwise unacceptable conditions. It is a multi-billion dollar criminal industry that denies freedom to 24.9 million people around the world.

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How many people are trafficked in the U.S. every year?

  • In 2017, Polaris worked on 8,759 cases of human trafficking reported to the Polaris-operated National Human Trafficking Hotline and BeFree Textline. These cases involved 10,615 individual victims; nearly 5,000 potential traffickers and 1,698 trafficking businesses.

  • Human trafficking is notoriously underreported. Shocking as these numbers are, they are likely only a tiny fraction of the actual problem


Who is vulnerable?

  • Human trafficking can happen to anyone but some people are more vulnerable than others.

  • Significant risk factors include recent migration or relocation, substance use, mental health concerns, involvement with the children welfare system and being a runaway or homeless youth. 

  • Often, traffickers identify and leverage their victims’ vulnerabilities in order to create dependency. 


Who are human traffickers?

  • Perpetrators of human trafficking span all racial, ethnic, and gender demographics and are as diverse as survivors.

  • Some use their privilege, wealth, and power as a means of control while others experience the same socio-economic oppression as their victims. 

  • They include individuals, business owners, members of a gang or network, parents or family members of victims, intimate partners, owners of farms or restaurants, and powerful corporate executives and government representatives.

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How do traffickers control victims?

  • Traffickers employ a variety of control tactics, the most common include physical and emotional abuse and threats, isolation from friends and family, and economic abuse. They make promises aimed at addressing the needs of their target in order to impose control. As a result, victims become trapped and fear leaving for myriad reasons, including psychological trauma, shame, emotional attachment, or physical threats to themselves or their family.

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What is child sex trafficking? How do I report it?

  • Trafficking is always aimed as a way to exploit those that are trafficked.

  • Child sex trafficking is defined as "the act of recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing, obtaining, patronizing, soliciting a child for commercial sex, including prostitution and the production of child pornography." Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000, (

  • If you believe you may have information about a child trafficking situation, please contact the National Human Trafficking Hotline at 1.888.373.7888. The toll-free hotline is available to answer calls from anywhere in the country, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, in more than 200 languages.


What is Child Exploitation?

  • Exploitation of a child refers to the use of the child in work or other activities for the benefit of others and to the detriment of the child’s physical or mental health, development, and education.

  • Exploitation can include online enticement and and child sexual abuse material (CSAM).

  • Online enticement involves an individual communicating with someone believed to be a child via the internet with the intent to commit a sexual offense or abduction.

  • CSAM is the sexual abuse and exploitation of children through the visual depiction of sexually explicit conduct involving a minor (a person less than 18 years old). Outside of the legal system, the National Center for Missing and Expoloited Children chooses to refer to these images as Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) to most accurately reflect what is depicted – the sexual abuse and exploitation of children. It’s important to remember CSAM consists of much more than just images and video files. It can be found in virtually any online realm. 

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Who is Most Vulnerable?

  • Anyone can experience trafficking in any community, just as anyone can be the victim of any kind of crime. While it can happen to anyone, evidence suggests that people of color and LGBTQ+ people are more likely to experience trafficking than other demographic groups. Generational trauma, historic oppression, discrimination, and other societal factors and inequities create community-wide vulnerabilities. Traffickers recognize and take advantage of people who are vulnerable.


People may be vulnerable to trafficking if they: 

  • Have an unstable living situation

  • Have previously experienced other forms of violence such as sexual abuse or domestic violence

  • Have run away or are involved in the juvenile justice or child welfare system

  • Are undocumented immigrants

  • Are facing poverty or economic need

  • Have a caregiver or family member who has a substance use issue

  • Are addicted to drugs or alcohol


What do I do if I come across content depicting abuse of children?

  • All information regarding possible child sexual exploitation should be reported to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) by calling 1-800-THE-LOST (843-5678) or submitting through the CyberTipline.

Is Coaxion a faith-based or otherwise affiliated organization?

  • No. Coaxion does not discriminate on the basis of race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, political preference, sex, gender, sexual orientation, and disability.

  • Coaxion believes partnerships across religious, political, social, and cultural boundaries are vital in working toward ending trafficking and child exploitation.


What is Coaxion’s policy on donation and/or payment refunds?

  • Coaxion is committed to transparency and honoring donor intent through the use of financial best practices for receiving and recording donations. We will resolve any errors regarding payments and donations as soon as possible. Reach out to with questions. Thank you!


Can we sponsor a child?

  • This is not something Coaxion offers.

Does Coaxion rescue children?

  • The true and responsible “rescue” of a child is a complex process. It is important to clarify that Coaxion facilitates the expeditious identification and responsible rescue of trafficking victims and exploited children by fortifying law enforcement capacities. We empower law enforcement to conduct such rescues as a part of a comprehensive investigation. Coaxion does not conduct operations or make arrests. That is best left to law enforcement and those agencies that have the mandate to protect our children and the authority to see a case through the judicial process from beginning to end. Coaxion works to fortify those best positioned to remove children from harm, seek optimal penalties for those who harm children, and get children and law enforcement the resources necessary to remain healthy and safe.


Does Coaxion purchase children or persons out of exploitation?

  • No. Coaxion does not conduct undercover operations or make any purchases of persons as a means to remove them from human trafficking or exploitation. Coaxion feels strongly this is not an appropriate response and actually contributes to the problem. The purchase of persons independent of a cooperating law enforcement partner empowers the traffickers by providing them financial support to continue to traffic others and can also be an inducement for them to find a person or child who would have otherwise never been trafficked at all. We support the work of law enforcement and organizations that focus on removing persons from harm as well as deterring, disrupting and dismantling the criminal enterprise.

Where do you get your funding?

  • Coaxion is a public charity.  Funding comes from individuals, corporations, grants, family foundations, and many others who wish to engage in ending exploitation and human trafficking.

May I interview someone from the Coaxion team?


How can I help?